Natural Languages Processing with Java – Second Edition


Natural Language Processing with Java - Second Edition

Natural language processing is a tool that connects linguistics to computers. Natural language refers to the language in which computers understand humans. NLP or natural language processing is the process by which the computer understands and responds to commands given by humans. It handles specific problems that are related to only particular kinds of data. NLP is predicted to enable a better understanding of human conversations and better-automated responses to any communication. The book Natural Language Processing with Java – Second Edition, by Richard M Rese and Ashish Singh Bhatia, takes a look at the variety of subjects covered by NLP and tools that people can use to apply it. In the book, Bhatia and Reese explore UIMA, Apache Lucene Core, Apache OpenNLP, Stanford NLP, LingPipe, and GATE as technologies associated with NLP. In the book, they have also written about how NLP detects parts of speech, how it can be optimized to find sentences, things, people, and parts of texts. The book also goes into an in-depth conversation about how we can connect Java with NLP as well. Here are some questions he answers in his book about Natural Language Processing.

What Is Natural Language Processing And How Does It Work?

Natural Language Processing with Java - Second Edition
Natural Language Processing with Java – Second Edition

In the book, Reese wrote that we could use neural networks that will help to do a task with NLP. The processing first begins with general and straightforward data, and then goes on to be used for specific situations or problems. Since it is a language, after all, we all must follow the rules of language. Different spheres of speech and talking require different styles of writing and speaking in everyday language. Similarly, we must optimize the natural languages to specific settings when we use it. NLP uses specialized libraries such as OpenNLP and LingPipe to support it.

How Is Natural Language Processing Different From Traditional Machine Learning?

Natural language processing is very different from traditional machine learning. NLP is optimized and specialized for analyzing text in a verbal or non-verbal form. Traditional machine learning focuses on analyzing videos, audio, and images instead of text. NLP is quite advanced because analyzing spoken text by computers is tricky – judging by the tone of the speech, the speed at which a person speaks, the volume, etc. On the other hand, machine learning analyzes the file that we feed into it, which is a lot less tricky than what NLP does.

Natural Languages: What Are The Challenges Of NLP?

Natural Language Processing with Java - Second Edition
Natural Language Processing with Java – Second Edition

First off, the NLP is continually evolving, to learn to recognize speech and text better. However, this becomes a limitation because trying to design better neural frameworks can be quite a task in itself. Another challenge comes about when we talk about finding the correct or suitable neural network for the NLP. It’s easier to design any random neural framework or network than it is to choose the correct one for your NLP system. The third challenge is that the computer can only understand and process the information that we feed to it. You cannot expect it to modify itself, because it is a machine at the end of the day. Lastly, sometimes, the interpretation of text or speech may be wrong.

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